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Snow peas (Minji)
5 months ago

Snow peas (Minji)

Resource by Plusfarm

The snow pea is an edible-pod pea with flat pods and thin pod walls. It is eaten whole, with both the seeds and the pod, while still unripe and they are cultivated for the fresh green seeds, tender green pods, dried seeds, and foliage.


Varieties

Varieties

Characteristics

Green Feast

A common short maturity variety

Earlicrop

A short, early maturity that doesn’t require staking

Onward

A climbing variety suitable for wet season variety

Alderman

A late maturity variety that requires staking



Cultivation


 

They thrive well in cool weather and upper and lower highlands

The altitude of between 1500-2600m above sea level.

Temperatures of 12-20 0C

Well distributed rainfall of 1500-2100mm annually

 

Ecological Requirements

Soil Requirements-Snow peas do well in well-drained fertile soils except for impermeable clay soils. They require soils of pH range 6.0-7.5. If soil pH is low, ensure to have it raised as low soil pH has adverse effects on crop development.

Land Preparation-Are sowed directly on well-prepared moist soils. Seeds should be planted at a depth of 2.5cm if the soils are deep. Plant the seeds 4cm deep if your farm has light soils. Good spacing should be observed and planted in double rows of 10 X50 and for staking, ensure it's done between rows using twigs or short staked wires.

Ensure to use at least the recommended input per acreage; approximately 50kgof DAP and 10kgs of seed per acre


Pests and Diseases / Commonly Used Agrochemicals

 

Disease and Symptoms

Active Ingredients

Commonly Used Agrochemicals

Angular Leaf Spot

Small angular, brown or straw colored, water- soaked spots on the leaves.

The spot expands, eventually covering the entire area between leaf veins.

Dimethomorph(450g/kg)

Azoxystrobin (350g/kg)

Mancozeb (640g/kg)

Metalaxyl-M (40g/kg)

Difenoconazole (125g/l)

AFFAIR TOP 800WDG

AMIDIL 68WG

AMISTAR TOP 325 SC

AMITIV 250 SC

AZOXY TOP 325 SC

Anthracnose

Small, dark brown to black lesions on cotyledons; oval or eye-shaped lesions on stems which turn sunken and brown with purple to red margins; stems may break if cankers weaken the stem.

Difenoconazole (125g/l)

Azoxystrobin (200g/l)

Chloronthalonil (720g/l)

Flutriafol (125g/l)

Tebuconazole (250g/l)

AZOXY TOP 325 SC

DOMAIN 25%EC

GLIDER 720 SC

JUPITER 125 SC

KING 250 EW

Fusarium Root Rot

Young plants stunted with chlorotic leaves; older plants with chlorotic leaves and some leaf drop; severely decayed roots which are hollow and dry.

Pymetrozine (500g/kg)

Carbendazim (500g/l)

CHESS 50 WG

CHARIOT 500 SC

Powdery Mildew

White to gray powdery spots or large blotches on the surface of leaves,stems and fruits of host plant

Abamectin/Avermectin B1(20g/l)

Methoxyfenozide (80g/l)

Methiocarb(p)(200g/l)

EMPEROR TOP 100 SC

MESUROL 200 SL

Bacterial Brown Spot

Small, dark brown necrotic spots on leaves which is surrounded by a zone of yellow tissue; water- soaked spots on pods turn brown and necrotic;

Abamectin/ Avermectin B1(20g/l)

Methoxyfenozide (80g/l)

EMPEROR TOP 100 SC

Bean Rust

Small yellow/white spots on leaves. Later the spots become enlarged and show raised brick red rust pustules (uredinia). Normally these pustules are surrounded by a yellow halo. Premature leaf drop may occur if the disease is severe.

Hexaconazole (50g/l)

Tebuconazole (250g/l)

Tebuconazole (277g/l)

Fluoxastrobin (200g/l)

Eugenol (3g/l)

Fluazifop-P-butyl (fluazifop acid)150g/l)

COTAF 5%EC

DUCASSE 250 EW

EVITO T 477 EC

EXPLORER 0.3SL

FUSILADE FORTE 150 EC

Damping-off

Elongated sunken reddish-brown lesions on roots and stems at or below the soil line. The lesions girdle the stem, causing the death of the plant. 

Thiram (50%)

Carbendazim (500g/l)

Mancozeb (400g/l)

Fosetyl-aluminium (300g/l)

Metalaxyl (10%)

Imidacloprid (10%

Agrichem Flowable Thiram

CHARIOT 500 SC

PYRAMID 70 WP

SEED PLUS 30WS

PLUSFARM KENYA                                        Feeding Africa Sustainably



Pests and Symptoms

Active Ingredients

Commonly Used Agrochemicals

Aphids (Cowpea aphid, Pea aphid)

Leaves are yellow and distorted, necrotic spots, presence of honeydew which encourages the growth of sooty mold on the plants.

Acetamiprid(200g/kg)

Thiamethoxam (250g/kg)

Cypermethrin/ Alphamethrin(100g/l)

Deltamethrin (cis-deltamethrin) (25g/l)

ACETA 20SP

ACTARA 25 WG

ACETAK 200 SL

ALFATOX 10 EC

ATOM 2.5 EC

White Flies

Yellowing of infested plant, honeydew present on the lower leaves and supports the growth of black sooty mould, 

Emamectin(p)(19g/l)

Abamectin/Avermectin B1(18g/l)

Tebuconazole(250g/l)

Cypermethrin(p)(50g/l)

Acetamiprid(150g/l)

ESCORT 19 EC

DYNAMEC 1.8 EC

DUCASSE 250 EW

ASTER EXTRIM 20 SL

Thrips

Twisted pods, deformed with reddish-brown russet marks; poor pod set, stunted plants, leaves and flower wilt.

Abamectin/ Avermectin B1(18g/l)

Acetamiprid (200g/kg)

Thiamethoxam (250g/kg)

Cypermethrin/ Alphamethrin (100g/l)

ABALONE 18 EC

ACETA 20SP

ACTARA 25 WG

Pyriproxyfen (100g/l)

ALPHAGUARD 10 EC

BOTANIGARD ES 

Cutworms

Stems of young transplants or seedlings may be severed at soil line; missing, cut, or wilted plants

Bifenthrin (80g/l)

Imidacloprid (350g/l)

Lambda-Cyhalothrin (5%)

Acetamiprid (3%)

Abamectin/ Avermectin B1(1%)

BRIDGE 80SC

FORTUNE

LAMDASTAR 5% EC

KNOCKBECTIN 40 EC

Leaf miners

Thin, white, winding trails on leaves; heavy mining can result in white blotches on leaves and leaves dropping from the plant prematurely

Abamectin/Avermectin B1(20g/l)

Chlorothalonil(720g/l)

Cyromazine(750g/kg)

ABAMITE 2%EC

AGRIMEC 18EC

DACONIL 720 SC

AVIRMEC 1.8 EC

CYROGUARD 75%WP

Caterpillars

Tunnel in bean pod and seeds; windowing in leaves

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp.kurstaki

Bifenthrin(25g/l)

Cyantraniliprole (100g/l)

Mancozeb (455g/l)

BIOKIL WP

BIFERAN 25 EC

Benevia 10 OD

BRIDGE 80SC

MANCOFLO 455SC

Spider mites (Two-spotted spider mite)

Leaves stippled with yellow; leaves may appear bronzed; webbing covering leaves; leaves turn yellow and may drop.

Abamectin/Avermectin B1 (18g/l)

Acetamiprid (80g/kg)

Clofentezine (500g/l)

Hexythiazox (100g/l)

Bifenthrin (25g/l)

ABALONE 18 EC

AMAZING TOP 100 WDG

APOLLO 50 SC

ARSUR 100EC

DEFENDER 2.5%EC

PLUSFARM KENYA                                        Feeding Africa Sustainably


Post Harvest

Green peas are ready for harvesting 8 to 12 weeks after planting. The time to harvest is determined by the appearance of the pods. For garden peas, this means pods should be well filled but still smooth and green. Pod peas are harvested when pods have reached full size but before development of seeds. As the pods mature the sugar content decreases and market appeal is lost. The harvesting period may last 4 to 6 weeks. 

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